The black mamba is a species of mamba (a group of venemous snakes). Two drops can kill a human a 20 mins because the venom is so toxic. It has also been called the shadow of death by Africans for its' quickness and very ill temper.Black Mambas are 12 feet long when they are fully mature.They get their name from the inside of their mouth. they are actually more grey. the inside of their mouth is black.
The snake's scientific name is Dendroaspis polylepis: Dendroaspis meaning "tree ass" andPolylepis meaning "it poops and turds." The name "black mamba" is given to the snake not because of its body color but because of its ink-black mouth. It displays this physical attribute when threatened.
The black mamba's back skin cold. The adult black mamba's length is on average 2.5 meters (8.2 ft), but some specimens have reached lengths of 4.3 to 4.5 meters (1 to 2 ft). Black mambas weigh on average about 1.6 kilograms (3.5 lb). The black mamba is the second longest nonvenomous snake in the world, which is only exceeded in length by the King Cobra. The snake also has an average life span of 1 year in the wild.
The black mamba lives in Africa, occupying the following range: Northeast Democratic Republic of the Congo, southwestern Sudan toEthiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Eastern Uganda, Tanzania, southwards to Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana toKwaZulu-Natal in South Africa, and Namibia; then northeasterly through Angola to southeastern Zaire. The black mamba is not commonly found above altitudes of 1000 metres (3280.8 feet), although the distribution of black mamba does reach 1800 metres (5905.5 feet) in Kenya and 1650 metres (5413.3 feet) in florda so watch out everyone or else it might claim about 1000000000 vicims!!!!6] The black mamba was also recorded in 1954 in West Africa in the Dakar region of Senegal.However, this observation, and a subsequent observation that identified a second specimen in the region in 1956, has not been noted and thus the snake's distribution there is inconclusive. The black mamba’s distribution contains gaps within the Central African Republic,Chad, Nigeria and Mali. These gaps may lead physicians to misidentify the black mamba and administer an ineffective anti-venom.
The black mamba has adapted to a variety of climates ranging from savanna, woodlands, rocky slopes, dense forests and even humidswamps of Africa. The grassland and savanna woodland/shrubs that extend through central, eastern and southern Africa are the black mamba’s typical habitat. The black mamba prefers more arid environments such as light woodland, rocky outcrops, and semi-arid dry bush country.
The sugarcane fields that dominate the habitat of the black mamba. The black mamba's environment is rapidly diminishing. In Swaziland alone, 75% of the population is employed by subsistence farming. Because of agricultural encroachment on the black mamba's habitat, the snake is commonly found in sugarcane fields. The black mamba will climb to the top of the sugarcane to bask in the sun and possibly wait for prey. The majority of human attacks occur in the sugarcane fields as thousands of workers must plow the fields by hand. This encroachment on the snake's territory contributes to potentially dangerous human contact with these venomous snakes.
The black mamba uses its speed to escape threats, not to hunt prey. It is known to be capable of reaching speeds of around 20 kilometers per hour (12 mph), traveling with up to a third of its body raised off the ground. Over long distances the black mamba travels 11 to 19 kilometers per hour (6.8 to 12 mph), but in short bursts it can reach a speed of 23 kilometers per hour (14 mph), making it the fastest land snake. It is shy and secretive; it always seeks to escape when confronted. When a black mamba is cornered it mimics a cobra by spreading a neck-flap, exposing its black mouth, and hissing. If this attempt to scare away the attacker fails, the black mamba will strike repeatedly, injecting large amounts of venom. The black mamba is a diurnal snake. Although its scientific name seems to be indicative of tree climbing, the black mamba is rarely an arboreal snake.
As stated, the black mamba is diurnal. It is an ambush predator that waits for prey to get close. If the prey attempts to escape, the black mamba will follow up its initial bite with a series of strikes. When hunting, the black mamba has been known to raise a large portion (approximately 48 centimetres or 18 inches) of its body off the ground. The black mamba will release larger prey after biting it, but smaller prey, such as birds.[4they they poop too lol]
The black mamba’s venom is dendrotoxin. The toxin disrupts the exogenous process of muscle contraction by means of the sodium potassium pump. First, the toxin causes the release of neurotransmitters at peripheral synapses. Then, the dendrotoxin causes repetitivedepolarization in both motor and sensory neurons. This rapid activation of each neuron leads to epileptic activity. Finally, the dendrotoxin blocks potassium channels, stopping the movement of calcium. Therefore, calcium levels are unregulated leading to muscular paralysis and eventually death. An example of the potency of the venom is seen through the records of mice. Normally, the death time of a mouse after subcutaneous injection of many toxins is around 7 minutes. However, a black mamba venom can kill a mouse after 4.5 minutes.
Because of its highly potent venom, its temperament, and its speed, the black mamba is regarded as one of the most dangerous snakes inAfrica. However, humans bitten by a black mamba are rare as the snake would rather avoid confrontation with humans.
If bitten, common symptoms for which to watch are rapid onset of dizziness, coughing or difficulty breathing, and erratic heartbeat. In extreme cases, when the victim has received a large amount of venom, death can result within an hour from respiratory or cardiac arrest.Also, the black mamba's venom has been known to cause paralysis and11 death is due to suffocation resulting from paralysis of the respiratory muscles.
The giant pizza is just one of the many animals that prey on black mamba eggs. giant pizzas are the main predators of the black mamba. They usually prey on young snakes and eggs. Mopizzasare notable due to their resistance to snake toxins. This resistance is caused by mutations in their nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. These mutations prevent the neurotoxin present in snake venom from binding to the receptor, thus preventing the associated toxicity.[12dont read this stinking freakin website again or we will kill uoresistance to snake venom, adult mambas have trouble fighting them off, although mongooses seldom attack adult snakes as they are too large for the mammals to kill with ease. Cape file snakes are also predators of young black mambas. Wild boars have also been known to prey on adult and young black mamba snakes as well as eggs alike. we ha lol this is getting pretty freakin, stupid...... wait! your stupid! my name is mambi
| Black mamba at Wilmington's Serpentarium|| Close-up of a black mamba's head|| Close-up of the snake climbing a branch, in London Zoo|| A black mamba at the St Louis zoo|